Synchronous diaphragmatic flutter (SDF) also known as hiccups, is an uncontainable contraction of the diaphragm (the muscle that divides the chest from the abdomen) that repeats numerous times in a minute.
As the diaphragm contracts, it causes you to breathe air in quickly, followed by a sudden closing of your vocal cords. This produces the specific sound of a hiccup.
Hiccups may occur individually or in sessions. For many people, a session of hiccups lasts only a few minutes. Rarely, hiccups may continue for hours. Typically, the sound of a hiccup is the only sign. Though, at times one can experience a slight tightening sensation in the abdomen, throat or chest.
Drinking carbonated beverage, overeating, eating very spicy foods, eating too quickly, emotional stress, smoking, change in the room temperature and absorbing air while chewing or eating something, are the most common causes for hiccups.
Hiccups that last for hours can be due to some nerve damage or irritation, respiratory disorders, central nervous system disorders due to a tumor or infection, gastrointestinal conditions, metabolic disorders or certain drugs.
It can also be activated by alcoholism, barbiturates, anesthesia, diabetes, electrolyte imbalance, steroids, tranquilizers and kidney failure.
Hiccups are annoying and embarrassing when they occur in public. In general, attack of hiccups will go away without any kind of treatment. On the other hand, there are many home remedies that can help you to stop a hiccup in no time.
1. Cold Water
You can surprise your system with cold water to end hiccups. Any kind of shock will cause interruption and it will help you put your hiccups to stop.
- Quickly drink a glass of cold water with honey and your hiccups will go away instantly.
- You can also gargle with cold water 1 minute to keep the hiccups away.
- Another option is for you to suck on a small piece of ice for a few seconds.
2. Drink Upside Down
You can shock your body and stop hiccups by drinking a glass of cold water. On the other hand this remedy can be more efficient if you drink the water upside down.
- Fill the glass with cold water.
- Bend down at the waist and place your head down.
- Drink the water from the opposite side of the glass than you would drink normally.
- If necessary, repeat it again.
3. Hold Your Breath
Age-old cure for hiccups is holding your breath. It raises the amount of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream, and that distracts the mind and ends the cycle of hiccups.
- Take a deep breath and hold it for as long as you can without permitting any air to go out.
- Breathe out quietly in a controlled manner.
- Inhale and hold your breath again.
- Do this for a number of series until the hiccups end.
Great home remedy for hiccups is the sugar. Especially is good for small children who can’t successfully complete the two remedies labeled above. Swallowing sugar stimulates the vagus nerve and makes the body to forget about the hiccups.
- Fill one teaspoon with white or brown sugar.
- Hold the spoon in your mouth for 5-10 seconds.
- Allow the sugar to melt slowly.
- Take a sip of water and the hiccups will stop immediately.
This remedy can be used by adults also, but people who have diabetes should avoid it.
Vinegar is one more effective remedy for stopping hiccups. Its bitter taste helps confuse the mind, which helps to stop the hiccups. White vinegar, apple cider vinegar and malt vinegar will do the trick.
- Swallow 1/2 teaspoon of vinegar, and immediately drink a glass of water.
- Alternative option is to mix 1 tbsp. of vinegar with a little water. Swallow slowly and the hiccups will end.
6. Peanut Butter
Another age-old remedy to keep hiccups at bay is peanut butter. The tacky, gooey consistency of peanut butter interrupts the breathing form when you try to swallow it and this helps stop constant hiccups.
- Put one teaspoon of peanut butter in your mouth.
- Hold it for a few seconds, and then swallow it.
- If it’s required, drink a glass of water.
You can use almond butter as an alternative.
Featured image source: http://929nin.com
Sources and references: http://www.top10homeremedies.com