Infertility And Psychological Aspects! Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Infertility is the inability to naturally conceive or carry the child to the end. The World Health Organization defines infertility as the inability to get pregnant within a year. It is estimated that 15-20% of couples in the world face the problem of infertility in reproductive age. In recent years, the number of couples who seek treatment for infertility has been increased dramatically.

Unfortunately, there is not enough information on effective psychiatric treatments for this population. Stress resulting from the inability of conceiving child goes with strong emotions such as anger, marital problems, depression, anxiety, and feelings of worthlessness among parents. When infertility is present in marriage, women show higher levels of stress than their partners. Psychological factors play an important role in the whole issue of infertility.

Parenting is one of the major transitions in adult life for both men and women. When partners become impatient, then the sexual dysfunction  and social isolation.increases. For all these reasons, there is often no division in the marriage, especially when they are under pressure to make some medical decisions. Couples in this case have a sense of loss and a decrease in self-esteem.
Infertility leads to loss of identity

Both men and women have a sense of loss of identity and have a pronounced sense of incompetence. Women who are trying to conceive often have clinical symptoms identical to those women who have heart disease or cancer. Even couples who are in the process of in vitro fertilization face a lot of stress. Emotional stress and marital problems are higher in couples where the problem of infertility in men. Therefore, with infertility problems, the psychological impact can be devastating for a barren person, but also for its partners.
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There are three major factors that affect the stress of man and woman as a result of infertility. Three factors in order of importance to women are: having children is one of the most important goals in life, the impact on sex life and the role of women in society and social pressure

The men in the study turned the importance of the first two factors. The third factor is equally important for both men and women. It was also proved that women stressful experience their infertility than men, and a stronger desire to have children.

As a result of infertility, stress, depression and anxiety can occur a. All these psychological feelings are, in infertile couples, higher than in the general population who are not struggling with this problem.

While infertility affects the mental health of steam, various psychological factors may also have an impact on the very infertility. The mechanism by which depression affects fertility is elevated secretion of prolactin (a hormone that is secreted in the anterior pituitary).

One small study, which analyzed 20 depressed and 20 women who were not depressed, suggested that depression is associated with improper secretion of luteinizing hormone that regulates ovulation. Immunological changes that are the result of stress also can affect the increase of infertility. In cases where couples go to repeated in vitro fertilization, depression increases, and therefore reduces the possibility of the beginning of the child because of the influence of psychological and physical factors. Because psychological symptoms affect fertility, there is a growing need to and pay attention to them during fertility treatment.

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Try to reduce stress to the lowest possible level and use reduction techniques, such as easier, deep breathing and relaxation of different muscle groups.

Believe in the abilities of your body.Enjoy your life! In this period you and your partner can help each other for overcoming this stress and make the long lasting effort bring positive results.

Eat healthy, especially beware of the food pyramid. Consume more milk or foods that may replace it in turn more food proteins. If the day did not eat a few meals of fruit and vegetables recommended intake of folic acid, which in small amounts can be found in cereals and green vegetables.

Drink plenty of water, up to 3 liters per day. Read the article for important vitamins. Avoid things that hurt you such as cigarettes, alcohol and drugs.

Source: http://www.parents.com