Swelling of the arm, leg or other body part most often is a symptom of a chronic, advanced disease.
The most common causes of leg swelling are:
- Cardiac disorders
- Heart failure
- Myocardial infarction.
Renal disease-disorder of renal function, which, as pronounced, causes a greater fluid retention, another way that upsurges the swelling. When it comes to kidneys, another thing that causes swelling is the loss of protein through the kidneys.
Lymphatic drainage failure-Lymphedema is lymphatic fluid in the tissue that stores due to the absence of lymphatic vessels, difficulties with the lymphatic vessels or after the removal of lymph nodes.
Diseases of the thyroid gland, particularly hypothyroidism
In women swelling can occur within the PMS, due to imbalance of estrogen and progesterone
Injuries of the foot or ankle can lead to the swelling. The most common is the ankle sprain, which occurs when the injury or misstep causes abnormal stretching to ligaments on the hock joint.
Swelling of feet and ankles can be a indication of infection. People who have diabetic neuropathy or other nerve problems are subject to greater risk for foot infections.
Blood clots that form in the veins can stop the reverse flow of blood from the legs back to the heart and cause swelling of the feet and ankles. Blood clots can be surface (seen in veins just under the skin); or high (a disorder that is known as deep vein thrombosis). Deep clots can block one or more major veins on the legs. These blood clots can be dangerous if released and arrive to the heart and lungs. If swelling in one leg, with the pain, mild fever and probably a change in the color of the affected leg, immediately call a doctor. Doctors use treatment with blood thinners in these cases.
Liver disease can affect the production of the protein albumin in the liver, which averts leakage of blood from the blood vessels into the close tissues. Inadequate production of albumin may central to fluid leaks. Gravity can cause fluid accumulation in the legs and joints, or fluid can accumulate in the stomach and chest. If the swelling goes with other symptoms, including fatigue, loss of appetite and weight, consult your doctor immediately.
Swelling of the feet and ankles is normal during pregnancy. A sudden or too big growth, however, may be indication of pre-eclampsia; condition where high blood pressure and protein in the urine occur after the 20th week of pregnancy. If you have plain swelling or swelling accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pain, headache, rarely urination, nausea and vomiting, or you notice changes in eyesight, immediately call your doctor.
Many drugs can cause swelling of the feet and ankles as a side effect.
The therapy is based on the treatment of diseases that cause the swelling in the first place. Besides the treatment of the disease, patients also take diuretics, which recover the excretion of fluids from the body through the kidneys.