TOMATO AND IT’S VALUES
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is the most famous and most consumed plant in our region. Often people think that the tomato is a vegetable, but it is a fruit. Like potatoes, cocoa and other crops on the European mainland, the tomato was brought from the New World in the 16th century, originating from Peru. It is assumed that first arrived in Seville witch that time represented a shopping center in Europe.
Because of its energy, nutritional and medicinal value, tomato is often regular salad with each meal. He is one of the richest sources of vitamin C, B vitamins, vitamin E, lutein, zeaxanthin, etc.,. It contains, magnesium, sodium, potassium, calcium and iron, and the component lycopene gives its medicinal properties. Lycopene has the strongest antioxidant activity of all the carotenoids that are present in other foods. Two times stronger than beta-carotene (vitamin A) and ten times stronger than alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) in neutralizing free radicals. Were carried out many professional research on different types of food, culinary ways of handling them and another to assess the validity and effect of lycopene. We found that one of its absorption is required fatty component and then absorption is greatest. Also, it is considered that raw, fresh tomato has no effect because it lycopene is absorbed. While boiled or thermal processed tomato and soaked in oil (usually olive oil) has a healing effect.
Tomato contains oxalic acid and therefore can be used by people suffering from rheumatism and inflammation. Also increases the excretion of water from the body, favorable effect on the heart and circulation, regulate the digestion and reduces blood pressure. Pectin and many organic acids improve appetite and activate the processes of digestion and prevent the negative impact of the bacteria.
Tomatoes have beneficial effect on: allergy, anemia, asthma, gout, cataracts of the eyes, increased cholesterol, fatigue and exhaustion, heart disease and blood systemNo matter how much hard it is to beleive tomatoes arent always red. They can be pink,purple, black, yellow and black also. In Spain there is a festival called La Tomatina where people throw 150.000 tomatoes at each other. Tomato juice is official drink in USA.